Projects and Updates:
Sound Checks for New Sirens
New Outdoor Warning Sirens Ready for County-wide Sound Check
**Update: Due to inclement weather and rescheduling, the new test dates for these sound checks are August 28, August 31, and September 7 all at 10:00 a.m.**
Richmond, Ky. (August 23, 2023) – Madison County Emergency Management Agency (EMA) and Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP) will be conducting tests of the new outdoor warning sirens in Madison County. These sound checks are scheduled for August 24 and August 31, 2023 at 10:00 a.m. The purpose of these tests are to check functionality of the new sirens being installed throughout the county which continue to improve our alert system.
At 10:00 a.m. when the system is activated, new outdoor warning sirens across the county will conduct a sound check lasting between 3-5 minutes. This sound check will play each of the tones our new sirens are equipped with. Additionally, residents may hear several short and low growl sounds from nearby sirens in the days leading up to these sound checks as siren technicians prepare for August 24 and 31. These growl sounds and sound checks do NOT indicate an emergency. Tests will NOT be conducted if severe weather is expected.
Residents should note these important upcoming changes to the outdoor warning siren system in Madison County:
- New sirens will *not* have voiceovers after the warning sound
- New sirens will only alert for tornado warnings – sirens will NOT sound for any watches, nor for thunderstorm warnings
- New sirens will use three tones:
- Test tone: a high wail lasting 30 seconds
- Tornado warning: a high wail lasting 60 seconds
- Chemical emergency: an alternating high and low siren lasting 60 seconds
Changes to our outdoor warning siren system were made with community and emergency official input to reflect the needs, preferences, and requests of our community and emergency management officials. Madison County will continue to use the current system for now, but will inform the community when the new system is fully operational and in use.
Outdoor warning sirens are one of the many alert and notification systems in Madison County provided by the CSEPP funding. Alert systems let residents know that an emergency is happening, while notification systems give residents more specific information. Outdoor alert sirens are an alert system meant to let residents who are outside know that an emergency is happening and that they should go inside immediately. Alerting receivers, Emergency Management social media pages, and Emergency Alerts over television, radio and mobile devices are examples of notification systems that residents can check after being alerted to find more detailed information about the emergency.
Madison County EMA/CSEPP supports disaster preparedness, response and recovery through public education, alert and notification systems, and resource coordination. The office can be reached at 859-624-4787. More information can be found at www.madisoncountyky.us/ema or on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram pages: @MadisonCoKyEMA.
July 7, 2023
BLUE GRASS ARMY DEPOT, Ky. – The last chemical weapon stored at the Blue Grass Army Depot (BGAD) was destroyed July 7, said Dr. Candace Coyle, Blue Grass Chemical Agent-Destruction Pilot Plant (BGCAPP) site project manager. The munition was an M55 rocket containing GB nerve agent.
“Destruction of the GB rockets not only marks the elimination of all chemical weapons at the Blue Grass Army Depot, but the destruction of all chemical weapons in the U.S. stockpile,” said Coyle. “It is a historic moment not only for us in Kentucky, but the United States and across the world. With this last munition, the Chemical Weapons Convention mandate to eliminate all declared chemical weapons stockpiles is now globally achieved.”
Plant workers destroyed more than 101,000 rockets and projectiles throughout five munition destruction campaigns. A campaign refers to destruction of a particular type of chemical weapon. Destruction operations began in Kentucky June 2019, with more than 523 U.S. tons of chemical agent destroyed. Throughout chemical weapons destruction operations, the BGCAPP team worked closely with BGAD and Blue Grass Chemical Activity (BGCA) partners to destroy the chemical weapons. Workers from BGCA supported delivery of the last chemical weapons from storage to the plant July 3.
The M55 rockets containing GB nerve agent represented more than 50% of the original chemical weapons stockpile safely stored at BGAD. Five different kinds of chemical agent-filled weapons were originally stored at the depot: 155mm projectiles containing mustard agent, 155mm projectiles containing VX nerve agent, 8-inch projectiles containing GB nerve agent, M55 rockets containing VX nerve agent and M55 rockets containing GB nerve agent.
The accomplishment has been reported to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, an intergovernmental organization that implements the Chemical Weapons Convention treaty. The Program Executive Office, Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives (PEO ACWA) was responsible for eliminating the U.S. chemical weapons stockpile by the treaty commitment date of Sept. 30, 2023.
“Our constant theme throughout every munitions campaign at Blue Grass has been to safely destroy the weapons,” said Ron Hink, Bechtel Parsons Blue Grass (BPBG) project manager. “Our team has safely completed every campaign, successfully completing our mission of destroying every chemical weapon stored in Kentucky.”
“I am so proud of the entire Blue Grass Army Depot team to include the depot, BGCA, PEO ACWA and BGCAPP,” said Col. Brett Ayvazian, BGAD commander. “Team BGAD has collaborated for decades to store, safeguard and ultimately destroy the last of the U.S. chemical weapons stockpile. What a great team accomplishment for Kentucky, the Army and the world to have finally eradicated these weapons. I am thankful to have played a part in this team effort and am excited for what is ahead for BGAD and Madison County in the future.”
“All of the past and present members of the Blue Grass Chemical Activity that have supported the safe and secure storage of these chemical munitions, celebrate this historic accomplishment with all of our partners,” said Lt. Col. Tyler McKee, BGCA commander.
“Having advocated on behalf of the community's interest for almost 40 years, it is thrilling to witness the completion of this monumental effort,” said Craig Williams, Kentucky Chemical Demilitarization Citizens’ Advisory Commission and Chemical Destruction Community Advisory Board co-chair. “Kudos to everyone involved in what can only be seen as a model of government, contractor and citizen cooperation to accomplish such an important objective.”
Under the observation of trained operators, automated equipment disassembled the majority of the chemical weapons stored at BGAD. The chemical agent was drained from the munitions and neutralized by mixing it with water and caustic to produce hydrolysate. After the agent was confirmed destroyed, the hydrolysate was pumped into holding tanks. The hydrolysate is being safely shipped via tanker trucks and further processed at Veolia Environmental Services in Texas.
As part of the VX and GB rocket destruction campaigns, the drained rocket warheads were containerized and placed in temporary storage at BGAD. Marked as agent-contaminated secondary waste, they are being destroyed in Static Detonation Chamber (SDC) units located at BGCAPP. The drained warheads that remain in storage are considered surety material, because they may contain residual chemical agent. The Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program will continue until the surety mission is complete. The non-contaminated rocket motors are being shipped to Anniston, Alabama, to be destroyed in an SDC.
SDC units were also used to destroy the entire mustard munition stockpile at BGAD, as well as rockets that had leaked in the past and were placed in overpack containers and other M55 rockets found unsuitable for processing in the main plant. The SDC units use thermal destruction technology to process the munitions and munition components.
PEO ACWA was responsible for destroying the remaining U.S. chemical weapons stockpile in Colorado and Kentucky. The last chemical weapon stored at the U.S. Army Pueblo Chemical Depot was destroyed June 22, 2023. PEO ACWA oversees the contract for design, construction, systemization, operation and closure of BGCAPP with BPBG and teaming partners Amentum, Battelle Memorial Institute and GP Strategies.
In June 2019, the BGCAPP team began destroying more than 15,000 155mm projectiles containing mustard agent using an SDC. The mustard agent destruction campaign was completed in September 2021. The other four campaigns were completed in the main plant. From January through May 2020, nearly 4,000 8-inch projectiles containing GB nerve agent were destroyed. From January through May 2021, nearly 13,000 155mm projectiles containing VX nerve agent were destroyed. From July 2021 through April 2022, more than 17,000 M55 rockets containing VX nerve agent were destroyed. From July 2022 through July 2023, more than 51,000 M55 rockets containing GB nerve agent were destroyed.
The stockpile sites in Colorado and Kentucky accounted for the last 10% of what was originally a national stockpile of more than 30,000 tons of chemical weapons. The U.S. Army Chemical Materials Activity (then Agency) destroyed the initial 90%, which was stored at seven other sites across the U.S. and on Johnston Atoll in the Pacific.
The next step of the BGCAPP project is the closure phase, which is anticipated to take an additional three to four years. This includes disposal of secondary wastes, decontamination and decommissioning of facilities and equipment, disposition of property, demolition of some facilities, and close-out of contracts and environmental permits. During closure, the safety of the workforce, public and environment will remain the project’s top priority. BGAD will continue its conventional weapons missions beyond the BGCAPP closure phase.
The Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP) was created in 1985 when the US Congress passed a law directing the Army to dispose of its aging chemical weapons inventory with maximum protection of the public and environment as its primary consideration. CSEPP is a partnership between FEMA and the U.S. Department of the Army that provides emergency preparedness assistance and resources to communities surrounding the Army’s chemical warfare agent stockpiles.
CSEPP’s mission is to “enhance existing local, installation, tribal, state and federal capabilities to protect the health and safety of the public, work force and environment from the effects of a chemical accident or incident involving the U.S. Army chemical stockpile.” Since its inception, CSEPP has worked to educate and enhance emergency preparedness in communities surrounding the chemical stockpile stored at the Bluegrass Army Depot. Until the chemical stockpile is safely destroyed, CSEPP will continue to support efforts to ensure a community’s preparedness and safety in the unlikely event of a chemical agent accident
Kentucky CSEPP has two IRZs, six PAZs, and two host counties which are affected by the chemical stockpile. Madison County, where the Bluegrass Army Depot is located, and Estill County are considered to be in the Immediate Response Zone (IRZ). Clark, Fayette, Powell, Estill, Jackson, Rockcastle and Garrard Counties make up the Protective Action Zone (PAZ). Jessamine and Laurel Counties are considered Host counties, in which citizens of the IRZ or PAZ may be deployed.
CSEPP protects people who live and work near installations with chemical stockpiles in the unlikely event of a chemical accident or incident. The Army is fulfilling its mission to eliminate aging chemical munitions and warfare materials in accordance with international treaties and national policy. To date, chemical stockpiles have been destroyed at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.; the Newport Chemical Depot, Ind.; Pine Bluff Arsenal, Ark.; the Anniston Army Depot, Ala., Umatilla Army Depot, Ore. and the Deseret Chemical Depot, Utah. A stockpile on Johnston Atoll, an island in the Pacific Ocean, was also completely destroyed in 2000. CSEPP will remain in place until all stockpiles are completely destroyed.
Where Are These Stockpiles Located?
The two remaining stockpiles are secured at the Blue Grass, KY. and Pueblo, CO., U.S. Army installations. Each community provides its residents important emergency preparedness information. The chemical stockpiles at the Edgewood Area of Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland, the Pine Bluff Arsenal in Arkansas and the Newport Chemical Depot in Indiana were completely destroyed. In 2000, a stockpile on Johnston Atoll, an island in the Pacific Ocean, was also completely destroyed.
Madison County has a few power companies that serve our residents. If you experience an outage, follow the link to your provider's website to report your outage to them:
Madison County EMA/CSEPP is not responsible for submitting or servicing power outages. Please be sure to contact your provider if you experience an outage, or use their customer portals for questions about power restoration.
Severe winter storms are not uncommon in Central Kentucky. Heavy snow and ice storms can create extreme hardships, sometimes for days at a time. Utilities of all kinds are often damaged. Prepare an emergency plan that assumes you will be without power for an unknown amount of time. Work with your friends, family, and neighbors to help each other in an emergency. Stay informed of weather conditions, and travel only if necessary during severe winter weather. Due to the weight of ice and snow, watch for falling or fallen trees and limbs when venturing out or while driving.
What to do in case of severe winter weather
- If your power goes out, remain calm. Remember it takes time to restore downed power lines and transformers.
- Choose one room to live in, preferably one with a properly ventilated fireplace or a wood stove and close off the rest of the house.
- Don't use emergency heating and cooking devices that take oxygen out and release poisonous carbon monoxide in your home (for example a charcoal burning barbecue unit).
- Wrap layers of newspapers around water pipes to help keep them from freezing.
- In extreme cold, let faucets (hot and cold) run a little.To keep warm, wear several layers of loose-fitting clothing.
- Exercise just enough to distribute body warmth and to keep you alert, but control excessive perspiration.
- Eat well-balanced, nutritious meals. This allows the body to produce its own heat. Use several light-weight blankets rather than one heavy blanket for the most warmth.
- If temperatures are extremely low, your bed may be the warmest place. This is also a good way to keep children warm.